Effect of mechanical attrition on microstructure and property of electroplated Ni coating

来源期刊:中国有色金属学报(英文版)2012年第8期

论文作者:班朝磊 邵鑫 马杰 陈辉

文章页码:1989 - 1994

关键词:电镀;机械研磨;镍镀层;耐蚀性

Key words:electroplating; mechanical attrition; Ni coating; corrosion resistance

摘    要:在电沉积Ni过程中,向镀液中加入介质小球,介质小球以不同频率冲击镀件表面对镀层形成机械研磨。用SEM观察镀层表面、截面形貌,用TEM、XRD研究镀层的微观结构与结晶状态,测试镀层的极化曲线(PC)与交流阻抗频谱(EIS)等电化学性能。测试镀层的显微硬度与抗拉强度等力学性能。结果表明:在电沉积Ni过程中,对镀层实施机械研磨使镀层表面变得光滑,镀层孔隙率降低,致密度增加,镀层厚度减小,机械研磨促进镀层表面与内部晶粒尺寸的明显细化及镀层内部的压应力形成,从而导致镀层的耐蚀能力显著增强,抗拉强度与硬度显著提高。

Abstract: Ni coating was deposited on carbon steel by a mechanical attrition enhanced electroplating (MAEE) process. During the electroplating, the mechanical attrition(MA) was introduced by impact of glass balls on the sample surface with a special vibrating frequency. The surface and cross-sectional images of Ni coating were observed with SEM. The microstructure and crystallinity of coating were examined with TEM and XRD. The electrochemical performance of coating was measured with polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and its mechanical behaviours, such as tensile strength and hardness, were studied. The results show that the MA has significant effects on the microstructure and property of the electroplated Ni coating. By MA, the coating becomes smooth, compact, thin and has refined grains and is free of cracks and pores. Consequently, the adhesion, tensile strength, hardness and corrosion resistance of coating are improved significantly.

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