温度对Mg-3Ni-2MnO2储氢材料吸放氢过程相转变行为的影响

来源期刊:中国有色金属学报2009年第6期

论文作者:张文丛 贾彬彬 于元春

文章页码:1087 - 1092

关键词:储氢材料;吸放氢;Avrami指数;形核长大;动力学

Key words:hydrogen storage materials; hydrogenation and dehydrogenation; Avrami index; nucleation and growth; dynamics

摘    要:利用充氢反应球磨工艺制备氢化态Mg-3Ni-2MnO2储氢复合材料,测试材料的吸放氢动力性能,并利用Avrami指数研究储氢材料吸放氢过程中相转变行为特征。结果表明:在研究的温度范围内,温度越高,越有利于提高Mg-3Ni-2MnO2储氢复合材料的吸放氢速度;在150~200 ℃范围内吸氢时,其Avrami指数由初始阶段的1.0~1.5很快变为0.5,即储氢材料很快进入已形成相的增厚阶段;在150~200 ℃范围内,温度变化对吸氢相转变影响不大,但影响相转变速率;放氢过程中,根据Avrami 指数的变化,相转变基本过程为形核长大阶段和新相继续稳定长大阶段(无新的晶核形成),温度变化同样影响其放氢速率,但对其放氢过程的相转变规律影响不大。

Abstract: The hydrided Mg-3Ni-2MnO2 hydrogen storage materials were fabricated through ball-milling under hydrogen atmosphere. The hydrogenation and dehydrogenation dynamic properties were measured. The Avrami index was used to study the phase transformation behavior character. The results show that in the range of temperatures selected, the higher the temperature is, the faster the hydrogenation and dehydrogenation velocities of the fabricated Mg-3Ni-2MnO2 hydrogen storage materials are. When the materials is absorbed in the range of 150-200 ℃, the value of Avrami index can change quickly from 1.0?1.5 in the initial period to about 0.5, indicating that this period is for the new phase to increase thickness quickly. The change of temperature has no obvious effect on the phase transformation behavior character whereas affects the phase transformation velocity. During the dehydrogenation process, its phase transformation period includes nucleation and growth, and steady growth of the new phase with no new crystal nucleus appearing, according to the change of Avrami index. The change of temperature also affects the dehydrogenation velocity and has no obvious effect on the phase transformation behavior character.

基金信息:山东省中青年科学家奖励计划资助项目
山东省科技攻关计划资助项目

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